National Women and Girls HIV Awareness Day was March 10th 2016
****More than 226,000 Women in the U.S.A. are Infected with HIV***
****1 in 4 Living with HIV/AIDS, in the U.S.A., are Women****
****Only 45% of Women with HIV/AIDS are Engaged in Care****
****African American Women Make Up 60% of New HIV Cases (but are on 14% of the US Female Population)****
****Hispanic Women Make Up 16% of New HIV Cases****
****Youth 13 to 24 Years of Age Account for 26% of New HIV Cases****
What Is HIV?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
What is AIDS?
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
This is the Final Stage of HIV Infection
HIV TRANSMISSION FACTS……
How Can You Become Infected With HIV?
2. Semen (cum)
3. Pre-seminal Fluid (pre-cum)
4. Rectal Fluids
5. Vaginal Fluids
6. Breast Milk
****These Fluids Must Come Into Contact With Mucous Membranes (Oral, Anal, Penis or Vagina) or Damaged Tissues or Be Directly Injected Into Your Bloodstream(Syringe/Needles, Rinse Water or Other Equipment ‘Works’ used to Prepare Injection Drugs) *****
***HIV can survive in a used needle for up to 42 Days Depending on Temperature and Other Factors***
***HIV is NOT spread by air or water, insects — including mosquitoes or ticks — saliva, tears, sweat, casual contact like shaking hands, hugging, or sharing dishes/drinking glasses, drinking fountains, or toilet seats****
PREVENTION is KEY!!!
1. Use Condoms Every Time You Have Sex
2. Get An HIV Test…..FREE and CONFIDENTIAL
3. Be Monogamous
4. DO NOT ABUSE DRUGS
What Are The Symptoms of HIV?
Symptoms can vary.….And Many Have No Symptoms.
The Best Way To Stay Aware and Protected is to Get Tested!!!!
***HIV Infection Won’t Show Up on a HIV Test Immediately, so it is Recommended to Be Tested Every 3 to 6 Months, Depending Upon How Many Sexual Partners You Have, as well as other Risk Factors (Ex. IV Drug Abuse)***
HIV/AIDS and PREGNANCY
******THE RISK OF TRANSMISSION OF HIV/AIDS TO YOUR UNBORN CHILD IS 15-45% IF YOU ARE UNTREATED!!!!!!!*********
1. Medications to treat HIV/AIDS decreases the risk of transmission of the disease to your unborn child to less than 1%****
2. You can safely continue MOST of your HIV/AIDS medications, if pregnant
3. Babies born to women with HIV/AIDS receive HIV medication for 6 weeks after birth to decrease the chance of contracting the virus
(Check with your Physician or HCP about all of your medications, once you become aware that you are pregnant!!!!)
HIV/AIDS and BREASFEEDING…..
***Recommendations Vary Based Upon Where You Live in the World***
**In the U.S.A. it is recommended to Avoid Breastfeeding if the Mother is HIV Positive
**In Developing Countries, where the access to clean water, sterile supplies and Infant Formula may be lacking, there are alternate recommendations**
1. WHO (World Health Organization) recommends that HIV Positive Mothers or their Infants take Anti-retroviral Medications throughout the Period of Breastfeeding and until the infant is 12 Months of Age.
2. Kesho Bora Study…….42% Reduction in HIV Transmission to Infants when HIV Positive Mothers were treated with Anti-Retrovirals Meds During Pregnancy, Delivery and Breastfeeding.
TREATMENT for HIV/AIDS
**Is Tailored to Your Specific Needs**
**Talk to Your Physician or HCP(Health Care Provider) About What Is The Best Treatment Regimen For You**
What Can You Do If You Find Out After You Have Had Sex That Your Partner is HIV Positive??
1. TALK TO YOUR PHYSICIAN RIGHT AWAY!!
2. PrEP (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis) or PEP (Post Exposure Prophylaxis)
https://www.aids.gov/…/reduce-you…/pre-exposure-prophylaxis/(INDICATIONS for Pr EP)
Most Importantly, Protect Yourself and Your Partner By Practicing Safe Sex and Notifying Your Physician if You Think You May Be At Risk!!!
GET TESTED! STAY PROTECTED!!!!!
FIND OUT THE LOCATION OF FREE HIV TESTING NEAR YOU…..
AIDS Healthcare Foundation (AHF)
If You Have Additional Questions, Concerns or Suggestions, Please LEAVE A COMMENTS and SHARE this Critical Information!
Check out our Facebook Page, Instagram and Twitter for More Great Info on HIV/AIDS!!!
Take Care. Be well. Be safe.
Lisa Whitty Bradley, M.D., FACS
CEO & Founder
Chicks With MDs, LLc
https://www.aids.gov/…/reduce-you…/pre-exposure-prophylaxis/(INDICATIONS FOR Pr EP)
https://www.aids.gov/locator/ (HIV Testing Sites and Care Services Locator)